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What are the four major components of electric vehicles?
1. Electric bike battery
The types of electric vehicle batteries can be divided into: lithium-ion electric vehicle batteries, nickel-metal hydride electric vehicle batteries, gel electric vehicle batteries and maintenance-free lead-acid electric vehicle batteries. Among them, colloidal electric vehicle batteries and lead-acid electric vehicle batteries are commonly used.
Compared with lead-acid batteries, lithium batteries of the same specification are lighter in weight, smaller in size, more frequent in charge and discharge, and last longer. Such as Xin Li Tuo lithium battery is a lithium battery with excellent performance on the market.
According to the voltage, it can be divided into 24V, 36V, 48V, 60V, 64V, 72V, etc. The most commonly used electric vehicle is 64V.
According to the capacity specifications, it can be divided into: 10AH, 12AH, 20AH, 22AH, etc. 12AH and 20AH storage battery batteries are commonly used in electric vehicles.
2, the motor
According to the energization method, it can be divided into brush motor and brushless motor:
Brushed motors are composed of iron core windings, magnetic steel sheets, carbon brushes, carbon brush holders, commutators, etc. The regular operation effect is achieved by the exchange of contact between the carbon brushes and the commutator.
The craftsman brush motor is composed of iron core windings, magnetic steel sheets, Hall elements, etc. It relies on Hall (dielectric degree angle) commutation to achieve regular operation.
According to the structure, the motor can be divided into:
Brushless and toothless, brushless and toothless, brushless and toothed, brushed and toothed, etc. The most commonly used is brushless and toothless motors.
According to the working voltage, it can be divided into:
12V, 48V, 60V, 64V, 72V, etc., the most commonly used is a 64V motor.
According to power, it can be divided into:
180W, 250W, 350W 500W, 800W, 1000W, etc., the most commonly used are 350W and 500W motors.
3, the controller
According to the difference of function and structure, it can be divided into two types: brush controller and brushless controller.
According to the working voltage can be divided into: 24V36V 48V, 60V, 64V, etc., the most commonly used is the 48V controller.
According to the output power, it can be divided into: 180W, 250W, 350W, 500W, 800W, etc. The most commonly used controllers are 350W and 500W.
4, the charger
The charger is a device that replenishes the energy of the electric vehicle battery to charge the electric vehicle battery. It can convert the mains electricity into direct current and control its current and voltage to charge the electric vehicle battery and store it.
The charger is mainly composed of rectifier and filter, high voltage switch, voltage exchange and electric control. The working state has three stages: constant current, constant voltage and floating charge.
>>Custom electric bike battery
Battery installation process
>>Custom electric bike motor
>>Custom electric bike controller
>>Custom electric bike charger
As a professional electric bike manufacturer, we can provide you OEM & ODM service. Other electric bike parts can also be customized.